The Basics of Pythagorean
Read before digging in...
There are eleven numbers used in constructing Numerology charts. These numbers are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, and 22. Larger numbers that occur from adding the numbers in the complete birth date or from the values assigned to each name, are reduced by adding the digits together until the sum achieved is one of the core numbers. Merely add the components of the larger number together (repeatedly, if necessary) until a single digit (or the "master" numbers 11 or 22) results. Each of these number represents different characteristics and expressions.Master number are the only exception to rule of reducing to the single digit. The master numbers 11 and 22 are reputedly intensified versions of the single digit number they replace (2 and 4). These numbers suggest a potential for a high degree of learning and/or achievement very often in a more stressful environment. In most individuals, the master numbers operate at a much more tangible or practical level, becoming essentially the same as the single digit parallel.
The first consideration of numerology is often the date of birth. This date, expressed numerically, as mm/dd/yyyy, is used to determine what is called the Lifepath Number and a variety of other factors in the numerology reading.
We will also be converting your FULL BIRTH NAME* to a number. Letters and numbers, you will learn, are always one and the same. Here is a chart of the values assigned to each of the letters in the English alphabet:
* Note: Most authorities agree that the full birth name as recorded on your birth certificate is the name that must be used for all calculations involving name. Nicknames, changed names including marriage name changes do not delute the importance of the name given to by your parents.
© Michael McClain 1996-2015. All rights reserved.
Meaning of the Numbers in a Nutshellby Michael McClain (comments/questions/visit)
It is essential to understand that the root numbers used in numerology are, in their essence, all equal, one to the other. Each of the numbers has its positive traits and likewise each number has its negative potential. Here are brief listings of traits for each number:
The number 1
1 Positive TraitsInitiator of action, a pioneering spirit, inventive ideas, strong leadership skills, independent, drives to attain, individualistic style, executive abilities, extraordinary will and determination, courageous.
1 Negative TraitsOverly assertive or aggressive, dominating, impulsiveness, egotistic, boastfulness, willfulness.
The number 2
2 Positive TraitsCooperation, adaptability, considerate of others, sensitive to the needs of others, partnering, an arbiter or mediator, modest, sincere, spiritually influenced, a diplomat.
2 Negative TraitsShyness, timidity, fear, self-consciousness, drown in detail, depression.
The number 3
3 Positive TraitsSelf-expressive in many ways, verbalization, inspiration and keen imagination, artistic gifts, accurate impressions and insights, never-ending optimism, happy and fun-loving, enjoys life fully.
3 Negative TraitsScattered energies, exaggeration, unfinished projects, lack of direction, moodiness, self-centeredness.
The number 4
4 Positive TraitsStrong sense of order and values, struggle against limits, steady growth, highly practical, scientific mind, attention to detail, foundation for achievement, a genius for organization, fine management skills.
4 Negative TraitsLack of imagination, caught up in detail, stubborn fixed opinions, argumentative, slow to act, too serious, confused.
The number 5
5 Positive TraitsExpansiveness, new and visionary ideas, quick thinking, versatile and ever-changing, action oriented, curious and exploring, promoting, resourceful in using freedom constructively.
5 Negative TraitsRestless, discontent, edgy temperament and speech, dissatisfaction, too many hasty decisions, impatience, lacking in application.
The number 6
6 Positive TraitsA strong sense of responsibility, artistic, a nurturing disposition, community oriented, balanced, sympathy for others, a humanitarian, unselfishness, love of home and domestic affairs, freely renders service to others.
6 Negative TraitsSelf-righteousness, obstinacy, stubborn, dominates family and friends, meddling, egotistical and susceptible to flattery, outspoken.
The number 7
7 Positive TraitsSkilled at analysis and research, an intelligent seeker of knowledge, scientific and inventive, studious, meditating, charming personality and demeanor, love of solitude and peace, a perfectionist.
7 Negative TraitsHidden motives and suspicions, overly reserved, arguments enjoined with silence or sarcasm, isolated, inflexible positions, overly upset by distractions.
The number 8
8 Positive TraitsExecutive character and abilities, political skills, expert handling of power and authority, working for a cause, achieving recognition, exercising sound judgment, decisive and commanding.
8. Negative TraitsWorkaholic, overly ambitious, lacking humanitarian instincts, mismanaging money, repressing subordinates, impatient with people, stressed, materialistic.
The number 9
9 Positive TraitsHeartily friendly and congenial, a hail-fellow, humanitarian instincts, a giving nature, selflessness, obligations, creative expression, readily influenced to do good works, artistic and writing talents.
9 Negative TraitsSelf-adulation, scattered interests, possessiveness, moodiness, careless with finances, wanting peer attention.
11 See number 2.Spirituality is emphasized more, but in essence, the 2 traits, positive and negative apply.
22 See number 4Exceptional projects possible, but in essence, the 4 traits, positive and negative apply.
© Michael McClain 1996-2015. All rights reserved.
The Birthday Numberby Michael McClain (comments/questions/visit)
About births occurring on the:
1st day of any month
2nd day of any month
3rd day of any month
4th day of any month
5th day of any month
6th day of any month
7th day of any month
8th day of any month
9th day of any month
10th day of any month
11th day of any month
12th day of any month
13th day of any month
14th day of any month
15th day of any month
16th day of any month
17th day of any month
18th day of any month
19th day of any month
20th day of any month
21st day of any month
22nd day of any month
23rd day of any month
24th day of any month
25th day of any month
26th day of any month
27th day of any month
28th day of any month
29th day of any month
30th day of any month
31st day of any monthYour birthday suggests that you are a good organizer and manager, an energetic and dependable worker; attributes often showing success in the business world. Serious and sincere, you have the patience and determination necessary to accomplish a great deal. Your approach can be original, but often rigid and stubborn. Sensitivity may be present, but feeling are likely to be repressed. You are good with detail and insist on accuracy, but at times scatter energies. Practical thinker, but not without imagination. You love travel and don't like to live alone. You should probably marry early, for responsibility is necessary for your stability.
© Michael McClain 1996-2015. All rights reserved.
Some Precautionary Thoughts on Master Numbers 11/2 & 22/4
by Michael McClainThe longer I study and think about numerology, the more disenchanted I get with the concept of "Master Numbers." My first concerns arose when the traditional 11 and 22 master number were enjoined by 33/6, 44/8, 55/1, and 66/3. All of these latter day master numbers seemed to be wanting their shot at greatness, too. For years I maintained a staunch conservative resistance to this change, and stuck with the original masters and excluded the new pretenders. Over the years, this has upset a few 33/6s along the way. But I steadfastly sent them on their way to find others who would feed their vanity and good fortune (in an ego sense) of being born on one of those rare dates producing a total of 33.
On reflection, it's hard to justify why, if the 11 can syphon off all of the potential superlatives of the spiritual 2, and 22 can steal the glory from the hardworking 4, then why can't the 33s do the same to the naturally nurturing 6. Seems only fair. But with most of the optimal trails of 2 and 4 expended on their "higher level" brethren, these two solid citizens are left with delineations reflecting personages resigned to the ordinary and humdrum. To me it is very hard to read what numerologists say about 1 through 9, without coming away with the sense that the authors believe that the higher the number the more potential for the person. The 2 and 4 are usually particularly drab, indeed. I just have a hard time accepting this. I hold firmly to the idea that all numbers are totally and without qualification equal in terms of human potential. It is simply that, that potential manifests, thankfully, in a wide array of different kinds of people.
Master Numbers can be a Problem
Further on this, I have the sense that upon learning one is a "master", the reaction can go a couple of different ways. Neither are very desirable in my view.
In some, the discovery that your Life Path number or Destiny number is one of the master numbers can be a little freaky and intimidating. Not knowing what you are supposed to do with this wonderful "gift" can cause confusion and even paranoia. Not very healthy when a reading of the root number would give a much more accurate picture for both the 2 and the 4. With the potential for greatness included in the more comprehensive reads, it is far better to see the nature of your being and what the potentials are likely to be. As a member of this crowd with my 11/2 Destiny number, I'm feeling better already knowing that I no longer have to be so illuminating.
Beware of the Master Number EgoThe other group of masters proudly hail their superlative status. They adopt the view that they are somehow better than all of their single digit peers. Stands to reason, doesn't it? Their number is a master number and not just everyone is a has such a designation. This sort of ego trip flies in the face of master number concept. Surely these folks are living on the negative side of their master number. They are sitting around just waiting for that greatness to appear. They would be well advised to revisit the root number and learn the lessons there with a sense of humility.
So, I have limited the amount of information on the site regarding master numbers, and I have incorporated the superlatives into the root single digit number instead.
If your date of birth or the letters in your names adds up to one of the master numbers, 11 or 22, or 33 for that matter, I urge you contain your pride and excitement. Be humble and focus on the ultimate single digit number. Make sure you understand the basis of your nature and that you are indeed living your life on its positive side.
Baby Namesby Michael McClain (comments/questions/visit)
The process of naming your babyThe amount of assistance parents accept from a numerologist should be limited to gaining some insight into the traits of the numbers for potential names. Additionally, you might need some guidance on finding names compatible with the parents and other family members. This page attempts to provide this type of information. Please don't ask me (or any other numerologist) to pick an "appropriate" name for your child. This is, or should be, solely the privilege and responsibility of the parents.
Frequently, the concept of reincarnation crops up in numerology. Whether you believe in reincarnation or not doesn't really matter much, but for those that do, the idea generally put forth is simple. The baby is arriving to continue a journey of learning lessons only learnable on this plane. The mother has already (or will before birth) spent a significant amount of time with this newcomer. She may have subliminally received some clues about what this little reincarnated soul would like to have for a handle. Thus, mom should take the lead, and with dad's help, they should figure it out together. My sense is that she should be the final arbiter in this process.
That said, I see no real problem in becoming somewhat aware of how the numbers in a name might work. If you haven't learned the basics of converting a name to a single digit or master number, you may want to revisit the page on the Expression/Destiny numbers and Soul Urge numbers. I would suggest bouncing back and forth to this link as you construct potential names for your baby.
© Michael McClain 1996-2015. All rights reserved.
Changing Your Name
About Pen Names, Stage Namesby Michael McClain (comments/questions/visit)
Over the years one of the most often received questions has been related to name changes - what effect changes have upon destiny, upon success, and so forth. Most numerology guides, including mine, usually spend most of their ink discussing the Expression or Destiny number, which is exclusively based upon the officially recorded birth name. This number shares the top slot along with the date of birth as the most important factors in modern numerology. That official Destiny number suggests the direction of growth, development, and what you must achieve. This name and the representative number associated with it stays with you throughout your life. But what about the name we decide to use in our everyday business, in our marriage, with our friends, and perhaps in our public and professional lives?
The name changes you may use in your life include nicknames you go by for a while or maybe for a lifetime, professional names you adopt to help your acting or writing career, the married name, or simply a shorthand version of your full name which most of us use. Almost everyone has used several names that pass into and out of usage during our lives. To evaluate your changed name, consider the name you commonly use and how you might be introduced to new people you meet.
Each different name that we choose to use at one time or another in our life sends out its own meaning. Sometimes these names are picked up and used with no knowledge of what vibrations are resulting. In other cases, stage names and pen names are well thought out and often credited with helping their owner achieve success.
Interestingly, at times name changes can get in the way of our pursuit of our destiny as shown by the birth name. Take for example one with the Destiny number 2. Development would be in a direction accentuating sensitiveness to the feelings of others, diplomacy in handling complicated situations, gaining skills as an outstanding facilitator. By taking a name expressing a more powerful and commanding presence such as the number 8, attainment in the direction of this individual's destiny is, to say the least, slowed down quite a bit while this name is being used. The changed name becomes something of a mask hiding the real person behind the name.
A changed name can sometime adversely tip the balance in your numerology profile. Let's say your lifepath number is 5 and your were born on the 23rd day of the month - also 5 energy. If you adopt a changed name for some reason which results in the addition of even more 5 energy, you may end up with an overload of this particular number. When any number is overemphased in a profile, the negative characteristics of the number are more apt to emerge. In this case, you might become careless, irresponsible, and resistant to authority using this changed name.
To get an idea about what the name change you are considering or the name you are using may be saying about you, calculate the numerology value of the name using the same method outlined on the Destiny page. Next, visit the keywords page to check the general tone of the name in question.
Numerology: U.S. Presidents
A study of their Life Path numbersby Michael McClain (comments/questions/visit)
In the analysis, the Presidents have been ranked. There are any number of Presidential rankin gs available, but I found that some seem to have a partisan bias. I attempted to avoid any political slant by using the C-span survey which was developed using the thinking of approximately 90 historians and Presidential experts. These historians and scholars rated the Presidents on 10 criteria including: 1. Public Persuasion, 2. Crisis Leadership, 3. Economic Management, 4. Moral Authority, 5. International Relations, 6. Administrative Skills, 7. Relations with Congress, 8. Vision/setting agenda, 9. Pursuit of Equal Justice for All, and, 10. Performance Within the Context of the Time. If you want to examine any category individually, visit here and take a look. You can also use this page to check out any particular President and see how he ranked in all of the individual categories.
Just below is a listing of the Presidents in the order that they served, the historians' leadership ranking number, their birth date, and the resulting Life Path number. If you are not familiar with Life Path numbers, you can click here to visit the page that will introduce you to this numerology concept.
I've discussed the presidency of at least one or 2 Presidents from each Life Path group, in most cases focusing on the highest ranking example of each Life Path group.I also added our most recent past President, George W. Bush while reviewing the Life Path 6 Presidents.
Links to discussion of the different life paths and the more impressive presidential representatives of the number:
Here is a listing of all the presidents, how they were ranked in the 2009 C-SPAN Historians Presidential Leadership Survey, together with their date of birth and numerology Life Path number:
The Life Path 1 Presidents: George Washington, Zachary Taylor, and William McKinley
George Washington took office as the first US President acutely aware of the need to build an executive structure that could be a mold for future presidents. It was his to decide what was really meant by the term "executive power" in the Constitution, and to fix the place of the presidency in the government. He had to hold the new nation together, get the government working, and attract first-rate people to run it. Washington established the power of the President. It was his idea that the President was to represent all the people, placing the office above political parties and battles. He was to be the leader at home and in foreign affairs, as well. He was to be a symbol of the people and of the nation. He was never to abuse his power, but he was never to fail to use the power that the people and the Constitution had entrusted to him. He had to set its finances in order, get its commerce going again, protect the frontiers against the Indians, and defend the nation against threats from Britain and Spain.
Congress, under his leadership, established the first executive departments. With the aid of his cabinet and the Congress, Washington got the machinery of government going. A financial system was established that got the United States out of debt and enabled it to pay its way. The supremacy of federal (or national) law over state law was established. Peace was made with the Indians, and new lands in what was then the West were acquired, including the future sites of Detroit and Chicago. Three new states, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee, were admitted to the Union.
Clearly, this was a time when the original thought, assertive leadership, will, and determination of a Life Path 1 President was absolutely essential. George Washington, in accepting this task, established himself as one of our greatest Presidents.
The Life Path 2 Presidents: John Adams, William Henry Harrison, Franklin Pierce, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and now, Barack Obama
Bill Clinton - Early in his presidency, Clinton called for nearly $500 billion in tax increases and spending cuts. Congress narrowly approved. Clinton also won approval for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Canada and Mexico. However, one of his top priorities--health reform--met with stiff opposition, and he had to abandon the idea.
Clinton was plagued with allegations of misconduct prior to his election as president. Months were spent on an investigation of his and his wife's involvement in the failed Whitewater Development Corporation, an Arkansas real estate development firm. The other concerned charges of sexual harassment made by Paula Jones. These issues contributed to the Democratic Party's defeat in the 1994 midterm elections.
In international matters, Clinton helped bring about an agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) concerning self-rule for Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. And in the Balkans, he sent 20,000 American troops to serve as part of an international peacekeeping force.
In his second term, his first major accomplishment was reaching an agreement with the Republican-controlled Congress on a plan to achieve a balanced budget. Despite tax cuts worth $95 billion, the plan also trimmed $263 billion from federal expenditures. Meanwhile, the number of people receiving welfare dropped, in part because of the welfare reform law Clinton pushed through Congress in 1996. Seeking to ease racial tensions, Clinton in 1997 launched a yearlong campaign of town hall meetings and conferences. He called for reconciliation between the races, defended affirmative action, and pointed out that by the end of the next half-century there would no longer be a majority race in America.
Soon after another scandal disrupted Clinton's presidency. This controversy stemmed from charges that he had an improper relationship Monica Lewinsky, and then tried to cover it up. Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr, who had been investigating the Whitewater case, launched an inquiry. His probe focused on whether Clinton had committed perjury by denying the affair with Lewinsky in a sworn deposition in the Paula Jones case, and also whether Clinton had tried to get Lewinsky to lie in her own sworn statement in the Paula Jones lawsuit. At first Clinton denied the charges, but when Lewinsky confirmed the affair in testimony before a grand jury, he was forced to admit he had not told the truth. Starr meanwhile issued a report, contending that the president's actions could be grounds for impeachment. Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. After a trial in the Senate, the president was acquitted on both the impeachment and perjury charges. Despite these difficulties, Clinton was able to reach an agreement with Congress on a program designed to bolster the Social Security system in the long run. In 2000 the Clintons were cleared of any wrongdoing in the Whitewater matter.
Clinton's scandals at home did not prevent him from playing an active role abroad. He persuaded Russian president Boris Yeltsin to accept the expansion of NATO by admitting some former Soviet Bloc countries as members. Following terrorist bombings of U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Clinton unleashed retaliatory strikes at terrorist sites in Afghanistan and Sudan. He also ordered the bombing of Iraq when Iraq refused to allow the UN to inspect its weapons facilities. He helped negotiate a Mideast pact between Israeli and Palestinian leaders. Israel agreed to withdraw its troops from land claimed by the Palestinians in return for a promise to stop terrorism against Israel.
Soon after his impeachment trial ended, Clinton set in motion the biggest military operation of his presidency, joining other NATO countries in a massive bombing campaign against Yugoslavia. The aim was to force Yugoslavian president Slobodan Miloevi to stop attacks on ethnic Albanians in the province of Kosovo. After ten weeks of bombing, Miloevi agreed to withdraw his forces from Kosovo, and Clinton claimed victory. The United States did not lose a single soldier in combat.
In the last year of his presidency, Clinton made yet another effort to ease Mideast tensions. But at a summit meeting at Camp David, Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat failed to reach an agreement on the establishment of a Palestinian state.
Clearly this ultimate diplomat set the bar high in foreign affairs. He is the classic good example of the 2 Life Path. Sadly, he suffered in the rankings owing to his last place finish in Moral Authority, which he clearly earned.
Barack Obama - From his first day in office, Barack Obama faces challenges of a magnitude equaled only by Washington (ranked 2), Lincoln (ranked 1), Wilson (ranked 9), and Franklin Roosevelt (ranked 3). Our nation is in a major recession and for some parts of the country, a depression; the budget deficient is out of control and the national debt has become a national disgrace; for years we'vebeen engaged in two wars, and our image and reputation around the world has been battered in eight years of the Bush administration. The country also faces huge challenges in health care, energy independence, education, and global warming. If Mr. Obama can guide the nation through this mine field of problems, his future ranking will surely be amongst the highest group. A truly big "if". At any rate, the life path 2, the diplomat, seems to be the ideal life path number for the modern era US president.
The 3 Presidents: John Q. Adams, Andrew Jackson
The 4 Presidents: John Tyler, Andrew Johnson, and Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland - As a lawyer in Buffalo, Cleveland became notable for his single-minded concentration upon whatever task faced him.
Cleveland was the only President to serve two, nonconsecutive terms. After his first term, he was narrowly defeated by Benjamin Harrison , grandson of William Henry Harrison. Cleveland, in turn, defeated Harrison four years later.
As President, his dogged determination and abrupt manner, typical Life Path 4 traits, became obvious. Cleveland vigorously pursued a policy barring special favors to any economic group. He signed into law the Interstate Commerce Act, the first law attempting Federal regulation of the railroads. Regulation and control, more 4 tendencies, highlighted his term. Grover Cleveland was not one of the great presidents, but for courage, honesty, and patriotism he has never been surpassed.
Grover Cleveland's blunt
and stubborn ways curtailed his
popularity and probably explains why the "strictly business" Life Path
4 fails to deliver more good Presidents.
Natural Skill Set: Progressive ideas, inventive, resourceful, fights for freedom, independent, quick thinker, inquisitiveness, excellent administrator, energetic. With excessive 5 energy or negative application of 5 energy: Overly critical, impatient temperament, a sharp tongue, hasty decisions, impulsiveness, restlessness, nervousness.
The 5 Presidents: Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt.
When you look at the Life Path 5 Presidents, with ranking 7, 1, 4 and 2, respectively, you wonder why we don't make this Life Path a prerequisite for serving as US President. The Life Path 5 has been the clear winner in terms of quality. All four must be admired.
Jefferson may be the best example of the four in expression the love of freedom and liberty so strong in the Life Path 5. Before his presidency, at age 33, he drafted the Declaration of Independence and authored a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786. As President, he slashed Army and Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the tax on whiskey, yet reduced the national debt by a third. Although the Constitution made no provision for the acquisition of new land, Jefferson boldly acquired the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon in 1803.
Lincoln, as an exemplary Life Path 5, issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy. He never let the world forget that the Civil War involved one huge issue. Dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg he said: "that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain--that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom--and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." Great Life Path 5 stuff that landed him the the top ranking.
Theodore Roosevelt expressed the view that the President as a "steward of the people" should take whatever action necessary for the public good unless expressly forbidden by law or the Constitution." As President, he held the ideal that the Government should be the great arbiter of the conflicting economic forces in the Nation, especially between capital and labor, guaranteeing justice to each and dispensing favors to none. Serving the people and freeing them from the tyrants of the time he became know as the trust buster bringing antitrust suits under the Sherman Act. A legendary peacemaker and our greatest environmentalist, Roosevelt proves that the love of liberty inherent in the 5 Life Path does provide top Presidents.
Franklin D. Roosevelt, our longest serving President (4 terms) took office at the height of the great depression and gave the people hope when he asserted in his Inaugural Address, "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself." His leadership freed the country from the poverty by initiating a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture, relief to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes, and reform, especially through the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority. His resistance to involving his country in war, and finally his leadership during the second world war after the country for forced to enter the hostilities, cemented this Life Path 5 leader as our second best President.
All of these greats were progressive thinkers and energetic fighters for freedom and liberty. All are certainly deserving of the elevated rankings, and together they establish the Life Path 5 as the ideal for "leader of the free world."
Natural Skill Set: An idealist, determined humanitarian spirit, service to fellow man, righteousness, conventional thinking, fixed opinions, steadfast in beliefs. With excessive 6 energy or negative application of 6 energy: Stubbornness, obstinacy, self-righteousness, dominating posture, easily victimized by adulation, slow decision-making.
The 6 Presidents: James Madison, Woodrow Wilson, Warren Harding, Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, and George W. Bush
The 7 Presidents: James Garfield, William Henry Harrison, Harry S Truman, John F. Kennedy, George H. W. Bush
The 8 Presidents: James Monroe, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, Millard Fillmore, Ulysses S. Grant, Chester A. Arthur, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Gerald R. Ford
The executive skills and political savvy of the Life Path 8 would lead one to assume that this would be a natural number to dominate the oval office. Indeed, it has produced more Presidents more (a total of 8) than any other Life Path number. Yet only three of the 8 have ranked as above average Presidents, and only one of these, Lyndon B. Johnson, was ranked as one of the top ten Presidents.
Lyndon B. Johnson - The assassination of President Kennedy on Nov. 22, 1963, elevated Johnson to the office where he quickly showed his skills in domestic affairs. Legislation was passed promoting economic growth and the Economic Opportunity Act, launching the War on Poverty. He secured a strong Civil Rights Act in 1964, which became the legal authority against racial and sexual discrimination.
Although Johnson had increased the number of U.S. military personnel in Vietnam from 16,000 at the time when he took office to nearly 25,000 a year later, compared the challenging Republican, Goldwater, at the time this seemed restrained. In this election, he easily won his own term in 1964. A huge victory gave him a mandate for the Great Society, his domestic program. Congress responded by passing the Medicare program, approving federal aid to elementary and secondary education, supplementing the War on Poverty, and creating the Department of Housing and Urban Development. It also passed another important civil rights law, the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
As the nation became mired in Vietnam, racial problems grew into widespread urban race riots between 1965 and 1968. Military escalation in Vietnam proved to be Johnson's undoing. Overshadowing domestic affairs, the war resulted in sharp inflation, and prompted unremitting criticism, especially from the young who were subject to the draft. The war dragged on and was not won. Johnson became more secretive, dogmatic, and hypersensitive to criticism. His brilliant political instincts were failing. With his popularity on the decline, on Mar. 31, 1968, he announced he would stop the bombing in most of North Vietnam and seek a negotiated end to the war, and that he would not run for reelection.
Johnson was a power broker in Congress and in the presidency. A great example of the strength of the Life Path 8 chief executive.
The 9 Presidents: James Buchanan, Rutherford B. Hayes, William Howard Taft, and Jimmy Carter
Major accomplishments of his time included the 1978 agreement known as the Camp David Accords. This set the groundwork for a peace treaty the following year between Egypt and Israel. Carter had invited the leaders of both countries to the United States so that he could help them work out a fair peace treaty. He also established full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. On the home front, Carter created a national energy policy and created the new Department of Energy. He expanded the National Park System, including protecting more than a million acres (400,000 hectares) of the Alaskan wilderness. He also appointed record numbers of women, African-Americans, and Hispanics to government jobs. The final 14 months of the Carter administration were haunted by a crisis in Iran. A group of Iranians kidnapped 66 Americans from the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and held them hostage for 444 days. This episode probably cost Carter a second term in office.
Jimmy Carter was a very caring and religious President. His words and deeds established him as one of our most righteous leaders, if not one of stronger chiefs. His charitable ways have continued throughout his post-presidency. His is a vivid example of the 9 Life Path President.
© Michael McClain 1996-2015. All rights reserved. My Google+